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Research Guides

Psychology (PSYC) 218 - Online [Pula]: Cite Sources

APA Citations & Style

Please visit Purdue OWL's page on APA In-Text Citations for more information.

In-Text Citations
A work by one author

Research by Smith (2016) shows...

Research on immigration demonstrates... (Smith, 2016).

A work by two authors

Research by James and Jones (2015) shows...

Research on immigration demonstrates... (James & Jones, 2015).

A work by three or more authors

Research by James et al. (2015) shows...

Research on immigration demonstrates... (James et al., 2015).

Please visit Purdue OWL's page on APA Reference Lists to see other source examples.

For each entry, all lines after the first line should be indented one-half inch from the left margin (the examples below do not include the correct indentation).

Reference Lists

Article in a Scholarly Journal

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), page range. [if available] OR


Pula, K., McPherson, S., & Parks, C. D. (2012). Invariance of a two-factor model of social dominance orientation across gender. Personality and Individual Differences, 52(3), 385-389.

Newspaper Article (online)

Author, A. A., Author, B. B. (Year, Month Day) Title of article. Title of Newspaper. 


Bakalar, N. (2018, April 10). Traumatic brain injuries are tied to dementia. The New York Times.


Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year, Month Day). Title of website.


American Psychological Association. (n.d.). Immigration.


Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher.


Bhatia, S. (2018). Decolonizing psychology: Globalization, social justice, and Indian youth identities. Oxford University Press.

Chapter in an Edited Book

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Publisher.


Chen, X. (2011). Culture, peer relationships, and human development. In L. Jensen (Ed.), Bridging cultural and developmental approaches to psychology: New syntheses in theory, research, and policy (pp. 92-112). Oxford University Press.

When directly quoting from a source, you need to include the author, year of publication, and the page number where you found the quotation.

For example:

Recent research on social dominance orientation found that "men are higher than women in GBD and OEQ" (Pula et al., 2012, p. 389)

You could also write it like this:

According to Pula et al. (2012) "men are higher than women in GBD and OEQ" (p. 389).

Please visit Purdue OWL's page on APA In-Text Citation Basics to learn more about quotations.

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