Empirical articles report the data and results from a research project.
A good first step to identify if an article is empirical is to read the Abstract:
You can also skim the headings used in the paper:
Another option is to review the article's content:
Often, 'yes answers' to most or all of these questions mean you have identified an empirical article.
Many empirical articles are also published in scholarly (or peer-reviewed) journals.
This means that other authors or researchers in the specific field or discipline reviewed or commented on the article before it was published.
Databases as well as the journal's website can help you determine if an empirical article was published in a scholarly (or peer-reviewed) journal.
Scholarly (or peer-reviewed) journals often:
Empirical articles published in scholarly (or peer-reviewed) journals are often written for professors, researchers, and students who want to learn more about a topic from qualified authors
After you find your empirical articles, it is important to evaluate them to make sure they closely relate to your topic.
You can use the RADAR Approach and the RADAR worksheet to ask questions about your articles and investigate them further.
|R: Relevance||Relevance is related to whether an article meets assignment requirements and supports your research topic or arguments.||
|A: Authority||Authority is related to author credentials and expertise as well as whether the article was published is a scholarly (or peer-reviewed) journal.||
|D: Date||Date is related to currency of the article as well as whether you need a current or historic article.||
|A: Accuracy||Accuracy is related to whether or not the research findings are supported by evidence or verified by other sources.||
|R: Rationale or Reason||Rationale is related to the purpose or goal of the article.||