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Research Guides

Communication (COMM) 359 [Sweet]: Cite Sources

Need help? Reach out to Jylisa Doney (Social Sciences Librarian) for assistance.

APA Citations & Style

Please visit APA Style's page on Reference Examples for more information.

In-Text Citations
A work by one author

Research by Smith (2016) shows...

Research on immigration demonstrates... (Smith, 2016).

A work by two authors

Research by James and Jones (2015) shows...

Research on immigration demonstrates... (James & Jones, 2015).

A work by three or more authors

Research by James et al. (2015) shows...

Research on immigration demonstrates... (James et al., 2015).

Please visit APA Style's page on Reference Examples to see other source examples.

For each entry, all lines after the first line should be indented one-half inch from the left margin (the examples below do not include the correct indentation).

Reference Lists

Article in a Scholarly Journal

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), page range. https://doi.org/xxxxxxxxx [if available] OR http://www.website.com

Example:

Sweet, D. M., Meissner, C. A., & Atkinson, D. J. (2017). Assessing law enforcement performance in behavior-based threat detection tasks involving a concealed weapon or device. Law Human Behavior, 41(5), 411-421. https://doi.org/10.1037/lhb0000243

Newspaper Article (online)

Author, A. A., Author, B. B. (Year, Month Day) Title of article. Title of Newspaper. http://www.website.com 

Example:

Hess, A. (2020, March 18). The unending anxiety of Coronavirus content. The New York Timeshttps://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/18/arts/viral-content-coronavirus.html

Website

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year, Month Day). Title of website. http://www.website.com

Example:

American Psychological Association. (n.d.). Immigration. https://www.apa.org/topics/immigration/index.aspx

Book

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of book: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher.

Example:

Walsh, J. (2018). Adolescents and their social media narratives: A digital coming of age. Routledge.

Chapter in an Edited Book

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter).

Example:

Shome, R. (2011). Internationalizing critical race communication studies: Transnationality, space, and affect. In T. K. Nakayama & R. T. Halualani (Eds.), The handbook of critical intercultural communication (pp. 149.170). Wiley-Blackwell.

When directly quoting from a source, you need to include the author, year of publication, and the page number where you found the quotation.

For example:

Recent research on the accuracy of officers' judgments observed no " significant differences in response bias between law enforcement and naïve controls" (Sweet et al., 2017, p. 418).

You could also write it like this:

According to Sweet et al. (2017), research on the accuracy of officers' judgments observed no " significant differences in response bias between law enforcement and naïve controls" (p. 418).

Please visit APA Style's page on Quotations to learn more.

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