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Research Guides

Sociology (SOC) 460 [Sarathchandra]: Conduct Citation Chaining

Citation Chaining

Citation chaining is a strategy that helps you trace the roots of important ideas and discover how research on a topic has continued to evolve.

Backward Citation Chaining

Backward citation chaining allows you to find additional sources related to a topic by examining reference lists.

To do this:

  • Find a source of interest, like an article, book, book chapter, etc.
  • Examine its in-text citations and reference list
  • Identify new sources of interest
  • Use the U of I Library's catalog or Google Scholar to locate the full-text of the source

Forward Citation Chaining

Forward citation chaining allows you to find sources that cited an initial source.

Option 1: Visit Google Scholar

  • Search for the title of an initial source of interest
  • Click "Cited by" to see a list of sources that cited the initial source
  • To search within this list of citing articles
    • Click "Search within citing articles"
    • Add keywords to the search box
    • Click the "magnifying glass" or hit "Enter" on your keyboard
  • Follow the "Univ of Idaho - Get it" links to see if a PDF is available

Option 2: Visit Web of Science

  • Search for the title of an initial source of interest
  • Click "Times Cited"
  • To search within this list of citing articles
    • Navigate to the "Refine Results" section
    • Add keywords to the "Search within results for..." box
    • Click the "magnifying glass" or hit "Enter" on your keyboard 
  • Click "Locate full-text" to see if a PDF is available