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Research Guides

ISEM 301: The Holistic Athlete: Writing Your Paper / Citing Your Sources

Writing and Citing

When to Cite

Always cite when you . . .

  • Use another person’s idea, opinion
  • Refer to information that is not considered common knowledge
  • Use another person’s actual words
  • Paraphrase of another person’s spoken or written words

Questions? Refer to the UI Library's Guide to Avoiding PlagiarismThe Purdue OWL Writing Lab or ask for help from a UI librarian.

Automatic Citation Tools

The UI Library catalog and most Library databases provide tools to automatically cite books, ebooks, and journal articles. The websites listed below are other cost-free options for citing sources automatically in APA style:

Tips for Citing Government Websites

When citing a government website:

  • The “author” of any government material is almost always the agency, office, committee, department, etc. — not an individual person.
  • U.S. Federal Government "authors" in citations should begin with "United States" or "U.S."

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