One way to begin taking notes is to keep track of what you are searching for. Many databases help you do this by allowing you to save searches. Saving searches allows you to watch the development of your search over time and to make sure you are not simply repeating the same (not so great) search over and over. Copy and paste or print out the search page to help think of ways your search could or should change over time. This example is from the EbscoHost version of Medline, but many databases have a similar option.
Mind mapping is a popular way to brainstorm about your topic or to take notes about an article or presentation. Start with the main topic in the center and then think of a variety of related subtopics that you want to explore. Mind maps allow you to be flexible and to see alternative ideas you may not initially have considered.
You can either use paper and pencil or you can use a variety of free or commercial products to create mind maps. See some suggested options below. (This mind map was made with the free version of XMind.)
Some of us think in a more linear way and find it useful to enter notes in tables rather than in mind or concept maps. This table is one illustration of what types of information you can gather from the articles or books that you read. If this table is helpful, you can download the handout version below.
Learning how to read academic literature, both articles and books, takes practices. Here are some tips to help you become a more focused reader:
One way to think about writing a literature review is as a dialogue between authors who have previously written about various aspects of your topic. You will create this dialog by discussing the agreements and disagreements between those authors, and you will illustrate what they have not yet talked about or researched.
Use this illustration not as an exact recipe for how to write, but as a guide for how to incorporate some of these writing strategies.