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Use Subject Databases
Use more than one database to make sure you're finding the most perspectives on your research question. Databases are often organized by subject (for example, Sport Science or Psychology). Specialized subject databases can help you search more precisely in your field. Find subject databases in your field by clicking FIND link on the University of Idaho Library homepage. Choose Articles & Databases. On the databases page, choose "Databases by Subject" to see a suggested list of databases in your field.
Try Out Citation Searching
Once you have found some relevant or important articles on your topic, one way to expand your search is through citation searching. Citation searching looks for all of the articles or books that have cited your initial paper since it was written. There are two main databases you can use for this kind of search: Web of Science and Google Scholar. Both of these databases cover somewhat different sources, so it can be helpful to try both.
Web of Science (Tip - make sure you choose the Cited Reference Search option):
Search by the first author's name. Web of Science is picky - enter the last name first and then the first initial(s) without a period.
Find the entry that matches the article you had in mind. Especially look at the Cited Work and Year Column. Select that entry, then choose Finish Search.
Google Scholar (Tip - click on the cited by link to see all of the citing papers):
No online version available? Don't worry!
Located some promising article citations within an OSU Libraries database? The next step is to get the actual article. In most of our databases, that begins by clicking the Find it @ OSU button:
This will take you to a page where you can access the PDF or HTML full-text of the article, by clicking on publisher link:
If we don't subscribe to that particular journal, click Request from interlibrary loan. After you request the article, you will receive an email with a link to the article, typically within 2-3 business days.
Most of us start a search with key words that we want to explore. Some additional search approaches are to:
- Begin by reading review articles
- Search by the author of an important paper you find
- Use the references from a useful book chapter or article
- Use citation searching to find out who has cited a relevant article
- Use the controlled vocabulary (also called subjects terms or categories) as illustrated in this picture to learn more precise vocabulary and narrow down your search
Tip - 1. Enter short keywords. Click Search. 2. Look for options to narrow your search results using controlled vocabulary or subject terms on the left-hand side of the results page.
Here are some tricks of the trade to make your searches more effective (these work in most databases):
- Use quotes to search for an exact phrase or name
- Use an asterisk with word roots to expand beyond an exact word
Searching in Google? Try these tricks:
- Search for a specific file type - filetype:pdf
- Search within a particular website - site:nytimes.com
- Look for related words with a ~
From: Hack College, Get More Out of Google
To Do - Advanced Searching
Look for subject databases:
Try out a citation search:
- Go to Google Scholar and look up Nehlsen 1991. Look at the first result (from Fisheries). How many times has this article been cited?
- Go to Web of Science, click on the Cited Reference Search tab and search again for Nehlsen as the author and 1991 as the year. How many times is the article published in Fisheries v. 16 listed as being cited in Web of Science?
Try searching for review articles:
- Go to Web of Science, enter a keyword search on the main search page. Once you get a list of search results, go to the left-hand column of the page, look under the Document type section for "review." How many review articles are there on your topic?
- Try looking for review articles in a different subject database. Alternate routes for finding review articles in other databases are under Treatment types> Literature Review in Compendex and under Publication Type>Review in Medline. Alternatively, in Google Scholar add the word "review" to your keyword search to find review articles.